The sound of Lithuanian kanklės of all the types develops just like all playing by chordophones. The kanklės of Suvalkiečiai (TMM 26265) have shown from 7 to 17 overtones. One can get most of them by shivering metal string by one third of the distance from the metal stick with a bone (plectrum). least - by touching the string at the same place with a finger and at the very middle with the bone. By vibrating the strings in the middle less overtones can be found and kanklės sound lower (hollow). Timbres evolves non shiny discolor. By touching the strings more to the side, the overtones increase: the highest ones provides for timbres pretty sharp nasal sound. That's how the folk players used to play by hitting the third or the fourth part of the string from the end. Such naturally developed principal of getting the sound matches the first T. Jung principal and decides the sound model of traditional kanklės.
The dynamically diapason of kanklės reaches 12 - 16 db. The plectrum produces up to 16 db, fingers - no more than 12 db.
While playing kanklės the dynamically abilities of kanklės are practically non used. It could be explained by the fact, that expressive dynamics is non characteristic feature for all kind of ethnic music.
Copyright © The Institute of Ethnomusic, 1996
Copyright © Romualdas APANAVIČIUS, 1996
Electronic publishing by Multimedia Center for Humanities, 1996