According to latest systematization made by the author (Apanavičius 1986; 1989; 1992; APV 1990; 1994) in the entire "kanklės" area there are three types of such instruments. occurring in the regions speeding from the south to the north - east (Fig. 1).
In author's opinion, the first type kanklės might have been a models of the hollowed boats and coffins, since of old used for a "journey to "another" world" (fig. 3), while the relict cold water fishes could have been the prototypes of the kanklės of the second and the third type (Fig. 4). The types of kanklės could appear and be formed in the very old, most probably, pre - Finnish times. The common names of the Baltic and Baltic Finnish kanklės, most likely, go back to these times. Their Finnish origin, in spite of rather strenuous efforts, practically cannot be proved (Apanavičius 1994:35). The same is noted by the most autstanding Finnish linguists (Mikkola 1925; Nieminen 1963; Toivonen 1974).
Copyright © The Institute of Ethnomusic, 1996
Copyright © Romualdas APANAVIČIUS, 1996
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